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Terminology / Glossary / Definitions

ACAT

See Aged Care Assessment Team.

ACAS

See Aged Care Assessment Service.

Aged Care

See Residential Aged Care.

Aged Care Assessment Team (ACAT)

An Aged Care Assessment Team, also known as an ACAT, is a group of health professionals who conduct assessments of older people to determine the types of services they require to meet their care needs. An appropriate ACAT assessment is required for the provision of a Home Care Package and entry into an aged care home.

Aged Care Assessment Service (ACAS)

An Aged Care Assessment Service, also known as an ACAS, is the equivalent of an Aged Care Assessment Team in Victoria.

Assisted living

Assisted living is a rather nebulous term that is used to describe several things, including: independent living units in a retirement village that offers additional services on a user pays basis; serviced apartments in a retirement village that include a package of support services such as cleaning, laundry, linen and meals; supported living (see definition below) and sometimes even residential aged care (see definition below).

CACP

See Community Aged Care Packages.

CDC

See Consumer Directed Care.

Community Aged Care Packages (CACP)

Community Aged Care Packages (CACP) were packages of care tailored to help people needing low level care to remain in their own homes. They were funded by the Australian Government and required an ACAT assessment. Community Aged Care Packages (CACP), Extended Aged Care at Home (EACH) and Extended Aged Care at Home Dementia (EACH D) have now been replaced by Home Care Packages, which are available in 4 Levels. Level 2 is the equivalent of CACP and Level 4 is the equivalent of EACH and EACH D. See our Home Care Guide for further information.

Consumer Directed Care

Consumer Directed Care (CDC) is a relatively new concept in home care that gives recipients more choice and control over the types of care and services they receive, how the care and services are delivered and who delivers it. The recipient determines the level of their involvement and they are provided with a personalized budget so that they can see how much funding is available and how it is being spent.

Deferred management fee (DMF)

See departure fee.

Departure fee

Departure fee, deferred management fee, DMF and exit fee are all common names for the fee that is payable in many retirement villages when a resident permanently vacates their home. See our Retirement Villages Guide for further information.

DMF

See departure fee.

EACH

See Extended Aged Care at Home.

EACH D

See Extended Aged Care at Home Dementia.

Exit fee

See departure fee.

Extended Aged Care at Home (EACH)

Extended Aged Care at Home (EACH) was a package of care tailored to help people who need high level care remain in their own homes. They were funded by the Australian Government and required an ACAT assessment. Community Aged Care Packages (CACP), Extended Aged Care at Home (EACH) and Extended Aged Care at Home Dementia (EACH D) have now been replaced by Home Care Packages, which are available in 4 levels. Level 2 is the equivalent of CACP and Level 4 is the equivalent of EACH and EACH D. See our Home Care Guide for further information.

Extended Aged Care at Home Dementia (EACH D)

Extended Aged Care at Home Dementia (EACH D) was a package of care tailored to help people with dementia who need high level care to remain in their own homes. They were funded by the Australian Government and required an ACAT assessment. Community Aged Care Packages (CACP), Extended Aged Care at Home (EACH) and Extended Aged Care at Home Dementia (EACH D) have now been replaced by Home Care Packages, which are available in 4 levels. Level 2 is the equivalent of CACP and Level 4 is the equivalent of EACH and EACH D. See our Home Care Guide for further information.

Extra Service

Some aged care homes offer extra service places that provide a higher standard of accommodation, services and food. These places may be provided throughout the home or in specific parts of the home and an additional fee is payable. The level of care provided is not affected. See our Aged Care Guide for further information.

HACC

See Home and Community Care.

High level care

Prior to 1 July 2014, aged care homes were categorized as offering either "high level care" or "low level care". These aged care homes were commonly referred to as "nursing homes" and "hostels", respectively. From 1 July 2014 this distinction has ceased to apply in relation to permanent residential aged care, although it does continue to apply in relation to temporary respite care. See our Aged Care Guide for further information.

Home and Community Care (HACC)

Home and Community Care (HACC) is a joint Australian and State/Territory government program that provides support services to help people maintain their independence at home and in the community. HACC services generally do not require an ACAT assessment. See our Home Care Guide for further information.

Home Care Packages

Home Care Packages are packages of services that are designed to help people continue to live in their own homes. They are available at 4 Levels, depending on the level of care that is required. They replaced Community Aged Care Packages (CACP), which were equivalent to Level 2 care, and Extended Aged Care at Home (EACH) and Extended Aged Care at Home Dementia (EACH D), which were equivalent to Level 4 care. An ACAT assessment is required before you can receive a Home Care Package. See our Home Care Guide for further information.

Hostel

See residential aged care.

Independent living

Independent living is a broad term used to describe any form of seniors accommodation where residents are mostly responsible for looking after themselves. Independent living accommodation is typically found in retirement villages and the homes are often called independent living units, or ILUs. Many such retirement villages also offer a range of additional services on a user pays basis, as required, and some also offer serviced apartments (see definition). See our Retirement Villages Guide for further information.

Low level care

Prior to 1 July 2014, aged care homes were categorized as offering either "high level care" or "low level care". These aged care homes were commonly referred to as "nursing homes" and "hostels", respectively. From 1 July 2014 this distinction has ceased to apply in relation to permanent residential aged care, although it does continue to apply in relation to temporary respite care. See our Aged Care Guide for further information.

Manufactured home village

In a manufactured home village, residents lease or license a site from the operator and purchase a freestanding home that already occupies the site or is subsequently deposited or erected on the site. The thing that distinguishes a manufactured home from a traditional freestanding home is the fact that it can theoretically be picked up (or dismantled) and moved somewhere else. Specific manufactured home legislation usually applies to these villages, rather than retirement village legislation. Manufactured homes are sometimes also referred to as mobile homes or relocatable homes. Manufactured home villages are generally for the over 50's, rather than the over 55's. See our Retirement Villages Guide for further information.

Nursing home

See residential aged care.

Palliative Care

Palliative care is care for someone who has a life limiting illness that focuses on maintaining quality of life until death.

Rental village

In a rental village, residents take a lease over a particular home and pay rent. No up-front capital payment or ingoing contribution is required. Specific rental legislation usually applies to these villages, rather than retirement village legislation. Rental villages are generally for the over 50's, rather than the over 55's. See our Retirement Villages Guide for further information.

Residential Aged Care

Residential Aged Care is the provision of accommodation, care and services to people who are no longer able to live independently in their own home. It is regulated by the Australian Government under the Aged Care Act 1997 and care that is provided by approved providers to approved recipients is subsidized by the Australian Government. An ACAT assessment is required before you can enter an aged care home. See our Aged Care Guide for further information.

Respite Care

Respite care is alternative care that allows regular carers to meet other commitments, recover from illness or injury, or just take a break or holiday.

Retirement village

A retirement village is essentially a managed community for seniors, although the term is something of a misnomer because you don't necessarily have to be retired at all. Entry is generally restricted to people who are over 55 years of age or have retired from full-time employment, and their spouses. Manufactured home villages for over 50s and rental villages for over 50s are also managed communities for seniors, even though they generally don't fall within the technical definition of a "retirement village" under the relevant State or Territory retirement village legislation and are regulated by specific manufactured home and tenancy legislation. When we refer to retirement villages on this website, we generally mean 55+ retirement villages, 50+ manufactured home villages and 50+ rental villages, unless the context requires otherwise. You should also be aware that retirement villages, manufactured home villages and rental villages may also be called, described or referred to as lifestyle villages, lifestyle resorts, lifestyle communities, lifestyle estates, retirement resorts, retirement communities, retirement estates or retirement homes. See our Retirement Villages Guide section for further information.

Serviced apartment

Serviced apartments are typically found in retirement villages and the contractual arrangements provide for the regular delivery of a range of services, such as cleaning, meals and laundry and linen. Additional services may also be available on a user pays basis, as required. See our Retirement Villages Guide for further information.

Supported living

The concept of supported living is still evolving, but it generally refers to villages that offer retirement village style accommodation and aged care style services.